Levitra 10 Mg 4 Film Tablets Bayer

Levitra 10 Mg 4 Film Tablets Bayer

Brand:BAYER SCHERING Pharmaceuticals
Product Code:16
Availability:In Stock

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 General Dose Information

2.2 Use with Food

2.3 Use in Specific Populations

2.4 Concomitant Medications

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

4.1 Nitrates

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Cardiovascular Effects

5.2 Potential for Drug Interactions with Potent or Moderate CYP3A4 Inhibitors

5.3 Risk of Priapism

5.4 Effects on the Eye

5.5 Sudden Hearing Loss

5.6 Alpha-Blockers

5.7 Congenital or Acquired QT Prolongation

5.8 Hepatic Impairment

5.9 Renal Impairment

5.10 Combination with Other Erectile Dysfunction Therapies

5.11 Effects on Bleeding

5.12 Sexually Transmitted Disease

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1 Clinical Studies Experience

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1 Potential for Pharmacodynamic Interactions with Levitra

7.2 Effect of Other Drugs on Vardenafil

7.3 Effects of Vardenafil on Other Drugs

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

8.3 Nursing Mothers

8.4 Pediatric Use

8.5 Geriatric Use

8.6 Hepatic Impairment

8.7 Renal Impairment

10 OVERDOSAGE

11 DESCRIPTION

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Trials in a General Erectile Dysfunction Population

14.2 Trial in Patients with ED and Diabetes Mellitus

14.3 Trial in Patients with ED after Radical Prostatectomy

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

*Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Levitra® is indicated for the treatment of erectile dysfunction.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 General Dose Information

For most patients, the recommended starting dose of Levitra is 10 mg, taken orally, as needed, approximately 60 minutes before sexual activity. The dose may be increased to a maximum recommended dose of 20 mg or decreased to 5 mg based on efficacy and side effects. The maximum recommended dosing frequency is once per day. Sexual stimulation is required for a response to treatment.

2.2 Use with Food

Levitra can be taken with or without food.

2.3 Use in Specific Populations

Geriatrics: A starting dose of 5 mg Levitra should be considered in patients ≥ 65 years of age [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5)].

Hepatic Impairment: For patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B), a starting dose of 5 mg Levitra is recommended. The maximum dose in patients with moderate hepatic impairment should not exceed 10 mg.

Do not use Levitra in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8), Use in Specific Populations (8.6) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Renal Impairment: Do not use Levitra in patients on renal dialysis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9), Use in Specific Populations (8.7) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

2.4 Concomitant Medications

Nitrates: Concomitant use with nitrates and nitric oxide donors in any form is contraindicated [see Contraindications (4.1)].

CYP3A4 Inhibitors: The dosage of Levitra may require adjustment in patients receiving potent CYP3A4 inhibitors such as ketoconazole, itraconazole, ritonavir, indinavir, saquinavir, atazanavir, and clarithromycin as well as in other patients receiving moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors such as erythromycin [see Drug Interactions (7.2)]. For ritonavir, a single dose of 2.5 mg Levitra should not be exceeded in a 72-hour period. For indinavir, saquinavir, atazanavir, ketoconazole 400 mg daily, itraconazole 400 mg daily, and clarithromycin, a single dose of 2.5 mg Levitra should not be exceeded in a 24-hour period. For ketoconazole 200 mg daily, itraconazole 200 mg daily, and erythromycin, a single dose of 5 mg Levitra should not be exceeded in a 24-hour period.

Alpha-Blockers: In those patients who are stable on alpha-blocker therapy, phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors should be initiated at the lowest recommended starting dose. Concomitant treatment should be initiated only if the patient is stable on his alpha-blocker therapy. Stepwise increase in alpha-blocker dose may be associated with further lowering of blood pressure in patients taking a phosphodiesterase (PDE5) inhibitor including vardenafil. In those patients who are stable on alpha-blocker therapy, Levitra should be initiated at a dose of 5 mg (2.5 mg when used concomitantly with certain CYP3A4 inhibitors). [See Warnings and Precautions (5.6) and Drug Interactions (7.1).]

A time interval between dosing should be considered when Levitra is prescribed concomitantly with alpha-blocker therapy [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)].

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Levitra is formulated as orange, round, film-coated tablets with “BAYER” cross debossed on one side and “2.5”, “5”, “10” and “20” on the other side corresponding to 2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg, and 20 mg of vardenafil, respectively.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

4.1 Nitrates

Administration of Levitra with nitrates (either regularly and/or intermittently) and nitric oxide donors is contraindicated [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)]. Consistent with the effects of PDE5 inhibition on the nitric oxide/cyclic guanosine monophosphate pathway, PDE5 inhibitors, including Levitra, may potentiate the hypotensive effects of nitrates. A suitable time interval following dosing of Levitra for the safe administration of nitrates or nitric oxide donors has not been determined.

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

The evaluation of erectile dysfunction should include a medical assessment, a determination of potential underlying causes and the identification of appropriate treatment.

Before prescribing Levitra, it is important to note the following:

5.1 Cardiovascular Effects

General

Physicians should consider the cardiovascular status of their patients, since there is a degree of cardiac risk associated with sexual activity. Therefore, treatment for erectile dysfunction, including Levitra, should not be used in men for whom sexual activity is not recommended because of their underlying cardiovascular status.

There are no controlled clinical data on the safety or efficacy of vardenafil in the following patients; and therefore its use is not recommended until further information is available: unstable angina; hypotension (resting systolic blood pressure of <90 mmHg); uncontrolled hypertension (>170/110 mmHg); recent history of stroke, life-threatening arrhythmia, or myocardial infarction (within the last 6 months); severe cardiac failure.

Left Ventricular Outflow Obstruction

Patients with left ventricular outflow obstruction, (for example, aortic stenosis and idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis) can be sensitive to the action of vasodilators including PDE5 inhibitors.

Blood Pressure Effects

Levitra has systemic vasodilatory properties that resulted in transient decreases in supine blood pressure in healthy volunteers (mean maximum decrease of 7 mmHg systolic and 8 mmHg diastolic) [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)]. While this normally would be expected to be of little consequence in most patients, prior to prescribing Levitra, physicians should carefully consider whether their patients with underlying cardiovascular disease could be affected adversely by such vasodilatory effects.

5.2 Potential for Drug Interactions with Potent or Moderate CYP3A4 Inhibitors

Concomitant administration with potent CYP3A4 inhibitors (such as ritonavir, indinavir, ketoconazole) or moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors (such as erythromycin) increases plasma concentrations of vardenafil. Dosage adjustment is necessary when Levitra is administered with certain CYP3A4 inhibitors [see Dosage and Administration (2.4), Drug Interactions (7.2)].

Long-term safety information is not available on the concomitant administration of vardenafil with HIV protease inhibitors.

5.3 Risk of Priapism

There have been rare reports of prolonged erections greater than 4 hours and priapism (painful erections greater than 6 hours in duration) for this class of compounds, including vardenafil. In the event that an erection persists longer than 4 hours, the patient should seek immediate medical assistance. If priapism is not treated immediately, penile tissue damage and permanent loss of potency may result.

Levitra should be used with caution by patients with anatomical deformation of the penis (such as angulation, cavernosal fibrosis, or Peyronie’s disease) or by patients who have conditions that may predispose them to priapism (such as sickle cell anemia, multiple myeloma, or leukemia).

5.4 Effects on the Eye

Physicians should advise patients to stop use of all phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors, including Levitra, and seek medical attention in the event of sudden loss of vision in one or both eyes. Such an event may be a sign of non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), a rare condition and a cause of decreased vision, including permanent loss of vision, that has been reported rarely postmarketing in temporal association with the use of all PDE5 inhibitors. Based on published literature, the annual incidence of NAION is 2.5–11.8 cases per 100,000 in males aged ≥50. An observational study evaluated whether recent use of PDE5 inhibitors, as a class, was associated with acute onset of NAION. The results suggest an approximate 2 fold increase in the risk of NAION within 5 half-lives of PDE5 inhibitor use. From this information, it is not possible to determine whether these events are related directly to the use of PDE5 inhibitors or to other factors [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

Physicians should consider whether their patients with underlying NAION risk factors could be adversely affected by use of PDE5 inhibitors. Individuals who have already experienced NAION are at increased risk of NAION recurrence. Therefore, PDE5 inhibitors, including Levitra, should be used with caution in these patients and only when the anticipated benefits outweigh the risks. Individuals with “crowded” optic disc are also considered at greater risk for NAION compared to the general population, however, evidence is insufficient to support screening of prospective users of PDE5 inhibitors, including Levitra, for this uncommon condition.

Levitra has not been evaluated in patients with known hereditary degenerative retinal disorders, including retinitis pigmentosa, therefore its use is not recommended until further information is available in those patients.

5.5 Sudden Hearing Loss

Physicians should advise patients to stop taking all PDE5 inhibitors, including Levitra, and seek prompt medical attention in the event of sudden decrease or loss of hearing. These events, which may be accompanied by tinnitus and dizziness, have been reported in temporal association to the intake of PDE5 inhibitors, including vardenafil. It is not possible to determine whether these events are related directly to the use of PDE5 inhibitors or to other factors [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

5.6 Alpha-Blockers

Caution is advised when PDE5 inhibitors are co-administered with alpha-blockers. PDE5 inhibitors, including Levitra, and alpha-adrenergic blocking agents are both vasodilators with blood-pressure lowering effects. When vasodilators are used in combination, an additive effect on blood pressure may be anticipated. In some patients, concomitant use of these two drug classes can lower blood pressure significantly leading to symptomatic hypotension (for example, fainting) [see Drug Interactions (7.1) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)]. Consideration should be given to the following:

•Patients should be stable on alpha-blocker therapy prior to initiating a PDE5 inhibitor. Patients who demonstrate hemodynamic instability on alpha-blocker therapy alone are at increased risk of symptomatic hypotension with concomitant use of PDE5 inhibitors.

•In those patients who are stable on alpha-blocker therapy, PDE5 inhibitors should be initiated at the lowest recommended starting dose [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)].

•In those patients already taking an optimized dose of PDE5 inhibitor, alpha-blocker therapy should be initiated at the lowest dose. Stepwise increase in alpha-blocker dose may be associated with further lowering of blood pressure in patients taking a PDE5 inhibitor.

•Safety of combined use of PDE5 inhibitors and alpha-blockers may be affected by other variables, including intravascular volume depletion and other anti-hypertensive drugs.

5.7 Congenital or Acquired QT Prolongation

In a study of the effect of Levitra on QT interval in 59 healthy males [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)], therapeutic (10 mg) and supratherapeutic (80 mg) doses of vardenafil and the active control moxifloxacin (400 mg) produced similar increases in QTc interval. A postmarketing study evaluating the effect of combining Levitra with another drug of comparable QT effect showed an additive QT effect when compared with either drug alone [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)]. These observations should be considered in clinical decisions when prescribing Levitra to patients with known history of QT prolongation or patients who are taking medications known to prolong the QT interval.

Patients taking Class 1A (for example. quinidine, procainamide) or Class III (for example, amiodarone, sotalol) antiarrhythmic medications or those with congenital QT prolongation, should avoid using Levitra.

5.8 Hepatic Impairment

Dosage adjustment is necessary in patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B). Do not use Levitra in patients with severe (Child-Pugh C) hepatic impairment. [See Dosage and Administration (2.3) Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)] and Use in Specific Populations (8.6).]

5.9 Renal Impairment

Do not use Levitra in patients on renal dialysis, as vardenafil has not been evaluated in this population [see Dosage and Administration (2.3) and Use in Specific Populations (8.7)].

5.10 Combination with Other Erectile Dysfunction Therapies

The safety and efficacy of Levitra used in combination with other treatments for erectile dysfunction have not been studied. Therefore, the use of such combinations is not recommended.

5.11 Effects on Bleeding

In humans, vardenafil alone in doses up to 20 mg does not prolong the bleeding time. There is no clinical evidence of any additive prolongation of the bleeding time when vardenafil is administered with aspirin. Levitra has not been administered to patients with bleeding disorders or significant active peptic ulceration. Therefore Levitra should be administered to these patients after careful benefit-risk assessment.

5.12 Sexually Transmitted Disease

The use of Levitra offers no protection against sexually transmitted diseases. Counseling of patients about protective measures necessary to guard against sexually transmitted diseases, including the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), should be considered.

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following serious adverse reactions with the use of Levitra (vardenafil) are discussed elsewhere in the labeling:

1.Cardiovascular Effects [see Contraindications (4.1) and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]

2.Priapism [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]

3.Effects on Eye [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]

4.Sudden Hearing Loss [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]

5.QT Prolongation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]

6.1 Clinical Studies Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Levitra was administered to over 4430 men (mean age 56, range 18-89 years; 81% White, 6% Black, 2% Asian, 2% Hispanic and 9% Other) during controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials worldwide. Over 2200 patients were treated for 6 months or longer and 880 patients were treated for at least 1 year.

In placebo-controlled clinical trials, the discontinuation rate due to adverse events was 3.4% for Levitra compared to 1.1% for placebo.

When Levitra was taken as recommended in placebo-controlled clinical trials, the following adverse reactions were reported.

Back pain was reported in 2.0% of patients treated with Levitra and 1.7% of patients on placebo.

Placebo-controlled trials suggested a dose effect in the incidence of some adverse reactions (headache, flushing, dyspepsia, nausea, and rhinitis) over the 5 mg, 10 mg, and 20 mg doses of Levitra.

All Vardenafil Studies: Levitra film-coated tablets and vardenafil orally disintegrating tablets have been administered to over 17,000 men (mean age 54.5, range 18–89 years; 70% White, 5% Black, 13% Asian, 4% Hispanic and 8% Other) during controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials worldwide. The number of patients treated for 6 months or longer was 3357, and 1350 patients were treated for at least 1 year.

In the placebo-controlled clinical trials for Levitra film-coated tablets and vardenafil orally disintegrating tablets, the discontinuation rate due to adverse events was 1.9% for vardenafil compared to 0.8% for placebo.

The following section identifies additional, less frequent adverse reactions (<2%) reported during the clinical development of Levitra film-coated tablets and vardenafil orally disintegrating tablets. Excluded from this list are those adverse reactions that are infrequent and minor, those events that may be commonly observed in the absence of drug therapy, and those events that are not reasonably associated with the drug:

Body as a whole: allergic edema and angioedema, feeling unwell, allergic reactions, chest pain

Auditory: tinnitus, vertigo

Cardiovascular: palpitation, tachycardia, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, ventricular tachyarrhythmias, hypotension

Digestive: nausea, gastrointestinal and abdominal pain, dry mouth, diarrhea, gastroesophageal reflux disease, gastritis, vomiting, increase in transaminases

Musculoskeletal: increase in creatine phosphokinase (CPK), increased muscle tone and cramping, myalgia

Nervous: paresthesia and dysesthesia, somnolence, sleep disorder, syncope, amnesia, seizure

Respiratory: dyspnea, sinus congestion

Skin and appendages: erythema, rash

Ophthalmologic: visual disturbance, ocular hyperemia, visual color distortions, eye pain and eye discomfort, photophobia, increase in intraocular pressure, conjunctivitis

Urogenital: increase in erection, priapism

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of Levitra. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Ophthalmologic: Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), a cause of decreased vision including permanent loss of vision, has been reported rarely postmarketing in temporal association with the use of PDE5 inhibitors, including vardenafil. Most, but not all, of these patients had underlying anatomic or vascular risk factors for development of NAION, including but not necessarily limited to: low cup to disc ratio (“crowded disc”), age over 50, diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, hyperlipidemia and smoking. It is not possible to determine whether these events are related directly to the use of PDE5 inhibitors, to the patient’s underlying vascular risk factors or anatomical defects, to a combination of these factors, or to other factors [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4) and Patient Counseling Information (17.7)].

Visual disturbances including vision loss (temporary or permanent), such as visual field defect, retinal vein occlusion, and reduced visual acuity, have also been reported rarely in postmarketing experience. It is not possible to determine whether these events are related directly to the use of vardenafil.

Neurologic: Seizure, seizure recurrence and transient global amnesia have been reported postmarketing in temporal association with vardenafil.

Otologic: Cases of sudden decrease or loss of hearing have been reported postmarketing in temporal association with the use of PDE5 inhibitors, including vardenafil. In some cases, medical conditions and other factors were reported that may have also played a role in the otologic adverse events. In many cases, medical follow-up information was limited. It is not possible to determine whether these reported events are related directly to the use of vardenafil, to the patient’s underlying risk factors for hearing loss, a combination of these factors, or to other factors [see Patient Counseling Information (17.8)].

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1 Potential for Pharmacodynamic Interactions with Levitra.

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