ethinyloestradiol and cyproterone acetate
Consumer Medicine Information
WHAT IS IN THIS LEAFLET
This leaflet answers some common questions about Diane-35 ED. It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.
All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking Diane-35 ED against the benefits they expect it will have for you.
If you have any concerns, or are unsure about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist for more advice.
Keep this leaflet with the medicine. You may need to read it again.
WHAT DIANE-35 ED IS USED FOR
Diane-35 ED is used for the treatment of signs of androgenisation in women, such as severe acne where other treatments have not been successful, or for excessive growth of facial or body hair (known as hirsutism) of a mild to moderate degree, where no underlying cause has been found.
Diane-35 ED can also be used as a contraceptive to prevent pregnancy in women who are taking it for the treatment of signs of androgenisation as described above. Diane-35 ED contains a progestogen and an oestrogen hormone, and therefore works similarly to the combined oral contraceptive birth control pill, also known as ‘the Pill’. It should not be used in combination with another hormonal contraceptive.
While taking Diane-35 ED you may also experience the following benefits:
·more regular and lighter periods - potentially resulting in a decrease in anaemia (iron deficiency)
·a decrease in period pain
·reduction of greasiness in skin and hair.
Some conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian cysts, ectopic pregnancy, fibrocystic breast changes and cancer of the uterus (womb) and ovaries may be less common in women taking Diane-35 ED.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed it for another reason.
BEFORE YOU TAKE DIANE-35 ED
When you must not take it
Do not take Diane-35 ED if you have an allergy to:
·ethinyloestradiol and/or cyproterone acetate (the active ingredients in Diane-35 ED)
·any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet.
Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include:
·shortness of breath
·wheezing or difficulty in breathing
·swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body
·rash, itching or hives on the skin.
Do not take Diane-35 ED if you have, or have had, a blood clot in:
·the blood vessels of the legs (deep vein thrombosis - DVT)
·the lungs (pulmonary embolism - PE)
·the heart (heart attack)
·the brain (stroke)
·other parts of the body.
Do not take Diane-35 ED if you are concerned about an increased risk of blood clots. Blood clots are rare. Very occasionally blood clots may cause serious permanent disability and may even be fatal.
All combined oral contraceptive pills, including Diane-35 ED, increase the risk of having a blood clot. However, the risk of having a blood clot when taking the Pill is less than the risk of having a blood clot during pregnancy.
Do not take Diane-35 ED if you are concerned about an increased risk of blood clots because of age or smoking. The risk of having a heart attack or stroke increases as you get older. It also increases if you smoke. You should stop smoking when taking Diane-35 ED, especially if you are older than 35 years of age.
Do not take Diane-35 ED if you have, or have had:
·angina (chest pain)
·a mini-stroke (also known as TIA or transient ischaemic attack)
·migraine, accompanied by visual symptoms, speech disability, or weakness or numbness in any part of your body
·diabetes mellitus with blood vessel damage
·pancreatitis (an inflammation of the pancreas) associated with high levels of fatty substances in your blood
·severe liver disease and your liver function has not returned to normal
·cancer that may grow under the influence of sex hormones (e.g. of the breast or the genital organs)
·a benign or malignant liver tumour
·unexplained vaginal bleeding.
If any of these conditions appear for the first time while using the Pill, stop taking it at once and tell your doctor. In the meantime use non-hormonal (barrier) methods of contraception (such as condoms or a diaphragm).
Do not take Diane-35 ED if you are using another hormonal contraceptive.
Do not take this medicine if you are pregnant or think you might be pregnant.
Do not breast-feed if you are taking this medicine.
Do not give this medicine to a child.
Do not take this medicine after the expiry date printed on the pack and blister. The expiry date is printed on the carton and on each blister after “EXP” (e.g. 11 18 refers to November 2018). The expiry date refers to the last day of that month. If it has expired return it to your pharmacist for disposal.
Do not take this medicine if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering. If the packaging is damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.
If you are not sure whether you should start taking this medicine, talk to your doctor.
Before you start to take it
Tell your doctor if you have allergies to any other medicines, foods, preservatives or dyes.
Tell your doctor if:
·you, or anyone in your immediate family has had blood clots in the legs (DVT), a heart attack, a stroke, breast cancer or high cholesterol.
Tell your doctor if you have or have had any of the following medical conditions:
·high blood pressure
·heart valve disorders or certain heart rhythm disorders
·inflammation of your veins (superficial phlebitis)
Ask your doctor to check if you:
·have high cholesterol or triglycerides
·have liver disease
·have gall bladder disease
·have Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis (chronic inflammatory bowel disease)
·have systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE - a disease affecting the skin all over the body)
·have haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS - a disorder of blood coagulation causing failure of the kidneys)
·have sickle cell disease
·have a condition that occurred for the first time, or worsened during pregnancy or previous use of sex hormones (e.g. hearing loss, a metabolic disease called porphyria, a skin disease called herpes gestationis, a neurological disease called Sydenham’s chorea)
·have chloasma (yellowish-brown pigmentation patches on the skin, particularly of the face) - if so, avoid exposure to the sun or ultraviolet radiation
·have hereditary angio-oedema - you should see your doctor immediately if you experience symptoms of angio-oedema, such as swollen face, tongue and/or pharynx and/or difficulty swallowing, or hives together with difficulty in breathing.
If any of the above conditions appear for the first time, recur, or worsen while taking Diane-35 ED, you should contact your doctor.
Diane-35 ED contains lactose. If you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before you start taking Diane-35 ED.
If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell him/her before you start taking Diane-35 ED.
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including any that you get without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.
Some medicines and Diane-35 ED may interfere with each other. These include:
·medicines used to treat tuberculosis such as rifampicin, rifabutin
·medicines used to treat epilepsy such as phenytoin, primidone, barbiturates (e.g. phenobarbitone), carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, topiramate, felbamate, lamotrigine
·medicines used to treat HIV, such as ritonavir or nevirapine
·some medicines used to treat Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) such as boceprevir, telaprevir
·antibiotics (penicillin, ampicillin, erythromycin, tetracycline)
·medicines used to treat fungal infections, such as ketoconazole and griseofulvin
·cyclosporin, an immunosuppressant medicine
·herbal medicines containing St John’s Wort.
These medicines may be affected by Diane-35 ED, or may affect how well it works. Your doctor may need to alter the dose of your medicine or prescribe a different medicine.
You may need to use additional barrier methods of contraception (such as condoms or a diaphragm) while you are taking any of these medicines with Diane-35 ED and for some time after stopping them.
Your doctor will be able to advise you about how long you will need to use additional contraceptive methods.
Your doctor and pharmacist have more information on medicines that you need to be careful with or avoid while taking this medicine.
HOW TO TAKE DIANE-35 ED
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist carefully. They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.
If you do not understand the instructions printed on the pharmacist label or in this leaflet, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.
How to take it
Take one tablet daily at about the same time every day. You must take Diane-35 ED every day regardless of how often you have sex. This will also help you remember when to take it.
Swallow the tablet whole with water. It does not matter if you take it before or after food.
Each blister pack is marked with the day of the week.
Take your first tablet from the red area on the blister pack corresponding to the day of the week.
Follow the direction of the arrows on the blister pack until all the tablets have been taken.
Always start a new blister pack on the same day of the week as your previous pack.
Taking Diane-35 ED for the first time
If you are starting Diane-35 ED after a natural cycle, and you have not used a hormonal contraceptive in the past month, start on the first day of your period, i.e. on the first day of your menstrual bleeding.
You must also use additional barrier contraceptive precautions (e.g. condoms or a cap or diaphragm plus spermicide) for the first 14 days of tablet-taking when having intercourse.
Your doctor will advise you when to start if you:
·are taking Diane-35 ED after having a baby
·have had a miscarriage or an abortion.
Changing from another contraceptive
Changing from a combined oral contraceptive:
Start taking Diane-35 ED on the day after taking the last active tablet in your previous Pill pack. Bleeding may not occur until the end of the first pack of Diane-35 ED.
If you are not sure which were the active/inactive tablets in your previous Pill pack, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Your previous Pill pack may have different colour tablets to those of Diane-35 ED.
Changing from a vaginal ring:
Start taking Diane-35 ED on the day of removal of the last vaginal ring.
Changing from a progestogen-only pill (‘minipill’):
Stop taking the minipill on any day and start taking Diane-35 ED at the same time the next day.
You must also use additional barrier contraceptive precautions (e.g. condoms or a diaphragm) for the first 14 days of tablet-taking when having intercourse.
Changing from a progestogen only injection, implant or intrauterine system (IUS):
Start taking Diane-35 ED when your next injection is due, or on the day that your implant or IUS is removed.
You must also use additional barrier contraceptive precautions (e.g. condoms or a diaphragm) for the first 14 days of tablet-taking when having intercourse.
How long to take Diane-35 ED
You may have to take Diane-35 ED for at least 6 months before you see an improvement in your condition. The length of treatment depends on the severity of the condition and how well it responds to treatment.
You may be advised by your doctor to stop Diane-35 ED 3 to 4 months after your symptoms have completely resolved. You should have regular check-ups with your doctor to determine how long to keep taking Diane-35 ED.
Stopping Diane-35 ED
You can stop taking Diane-35 ED at any time.
It is possible that the original condition may recur once Diane-35 ED is stopped. Do not start taking Diane-35 ED again without seeing your doctor first.
If you do not wish to fall pregnant, you should use additional barrier contraceptive precautions (e.g. condoms or a diaphragm) when you stop taking Diane-35 ED.
If you are considering becoming pregnant, it is recommended that you begin taking a vitamin supplement containing folic acid. It is best that you start taking folic acid tablets before you stop taking Diane-35 ED and not stop until your doctor advises this. Seek advice from your doctor or pharmacist about suitable supplements. It is both safe and recommended that you take folic acid during pregnancy.
If you forget to take Diane-35 ED
If you miss a tablet and take the missing tablet within 12 hours of missing it, contraceptive efficacy is not reduced.
If you are more than 12 hours late follow these detailed instructions:
For Diane-35 ED to be most effective, beige active tablets need to be taken uninterrupted for 7 days.
If you have been taking the beige active tablets for 7 uninterrupted days and miss a beige active tablet, take the missed tablet as soon as you remember, then go back to taking your medicine as you would normally, even if this means taking two tablets in one day at the same time. You will not need to use additional barrier contraceptive precautions.
The chance of pregnancy after missing a beige active tablet depends on when you missed the tablet.
There is a higher risk of becoming pregnant if you miss a beige tablet at the beginning or end of a pack.
If after taking your missed tablet you have less than 7 days of beige active tablets left in a row, you should finish the active tablets in your pack but skip the white inactive tablets and start a new pack with the beige active tablets corresponding to the correct day of the week.
This is the best way to maintain contraceptive protection. However, you may not have a period until the end of the beige active tablets of the second pack. You may have spotting or breakthrough bleeding on tablet-taking days.
If you have been taking the beige active tablets for less than 7 days and miss a beige active tablet, take the missed tablet as soon as you remember, then go back to taking your medicine as you would normally, even if this means taking two tablets in one day at the same time. In addition, you must also use additional barrier contraceptive precautions (e.g. condoms or a diaphragm) for the next 7 days.
If you have had sexual intercourse in the preceding 7 days, there is a possibility of pregnancy and you may need emergency contraception. You should discuss this with your doctor or pharmacist.
If you forget to take more than one beige active tablet, seek advice from your doctor or pharmacist about what to do.
If you have had sexual intercourse in the week before missing your tablets, there is a possibility of becoming pregnant. You should discuss this with your doctor or pharmacist.
If you forget to take a white inactive tablet, take it as soon as you remember and take the next tablet at the usual time. The contraceptive efficacy of Diane-35 ED is not reduced because the white tablets do not contain any active ingredients.
Please refer to the diagram at the end of this leaflet entitled “Summary of advice if you missed a tablet more than 12 hours ago”.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
If you take too much (overdose)
Immediately telephone your doctor or the Poisons Information Centre (Australia: 13 11 26 or New Zealand: 0800 poison or 0800 764 766) for advice, or go to the Accident and Emergency Department at your nearest hospital, if you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much Diane-35 ED. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning. You may need medical attention.
WHILE YOU ARE TAKING DIANE-35 ED
Things you must do
Tell any other doctors, dentists, and pharmacists who treat you that you are taking this medicine.
If you are about to have any blood tests, tell your doctor that you are taking this medicine. It may interfere with the results of some tests.
Have regular check-ups with your doctor. When you are taking the Pill, your doctor will tell you to return for regular check-ups, including getting a Pap (cervical) smear test. Your doctor will advise how often you need a Pap (cervical) smear test. A Pap (cervical) smear test can detect abnormal cells lining the cervix. Sometimes abnormal cells can progress to cancer.
If you are about to start on any new medicine, remind your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking Diane-35 ED.
Stop taking Diane-35 ED and see your doctor immediately if you notice possible signs of thrombosis (blood clot). These include:
·an unusual cough
·severe pain or heaviness in the chest
·any unusual, severe, or prolonged headache or migraine attack
·partial or complete loss of vision, or double vision
·slurring or speech disability
·sudden changes to your hearing, sense of smell, or taste
·dizziness or fainting
·weakness or numbness in any part of your body
·severe pain in your abdomen
·severe pain, swelling or discolouration in either of your legs.
If you are going to have surgery, tell the surgeon or anaesthetist beforehand that you are taking Diane-35 ED. The risk of having deep venous thrombosis is temporarily increased as a result of an operation or immobilisation (for example, when you have your leg(s) in plaster or splints). In women who take the Pill, the risk may be higher.
Your doctor may tell you to stop taking Diane-35 ED several weeks before surgery, or at the time of immobilisation, and when you can start taking it again. If you notice possible signs of a thrombosis, stop taking Diane-35 ED and consult your doctor immediately.
Consult your doctor if you develop high blood pressure while taking Diane-35 ED - you may be told to stop taking it.
If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, tell your doctor immediately.
If you vomit within 3-4 hours or have severe diarrhoea after taking a beige active tablet, the active ingredients may not have been completely absorbed. This is like missing a tablet. Follow the advice for missed tablets.
If you have unexpected bleeding and it continues, becomes heavy, or occurs again, tell your doctor. When taking these tablets for the first few months, you can have irregular vaginal bleeding (spotting or breakthrough bleeding) between your periods. You may need to use sanitary protection, but continue to take your tablets as normal.