OPHTHALMIC & OPHTHALMOLOGY

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OPHTHALMIC & OPHTHALMOLOGY

OPHTHALMIC & OPHTHALMOLOGY DESCRIPTION

Pertaining to the eye. For example, an ophthalmic ointment is designed for the eye.

Eye care professional

An eye care professional is an individual who provides a service related to the eyes or vision. It is a general term that can refer to any healthcare worker involved in eye care, from one with a small amount of post-secondary training to practitioners with a doctoral level of education.

Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye.An ophthalmologist is a specialist in medical and surgical eye problems. Since ophthalmologists perform operations on eyes, they are both surgical and medical specialists. A multitude of diseases and conditions can be diagnosed from the eye.

Professional requirements

Ophthalmologists are physicians (MD/MBBS or D.O., not OD or BOptom) who have completed a college degree, medical school, and residency in ophthalmology. Ophthalmology training equips eye specialists to provide the full spectrum of eye care, including the prescription of glasses and contact lenses, medical treatment, and complex microsurgery. In many countries, ophthalmologists also undergo additional specialized training in one of the many subspecialties. Ophthalmology was the first branch of medicine to offer board certification, now a standard practice among all specialties.

Subspecialties

Ophthalmology includes subspecialities which deal either with certain diseases or diseases of certain parts of the eye. Some of them are:

Anterior segment surgery
Retinal ophthalmology, which emphasizes such things as laser treatment of the retina and actual retinal surgery
Cataracts – not usually considered a subspecialty per se, since most general ophthalmologists perform cataract surgery
Cornea, ocular surface, and external disease
Glaucoma
Medical retina, deals with treatment of retinal problems through non-surgical means.
Neuro-ophthalmology
Ocular oncology
Oculoplastics and orbit surgery
Ophthalmic pathology
Pediatric ophthalmology/strabismus (misalignment of the eyes)
Refractive surgery
Uveitis
Immunology
Veterinary formal specialty training programs in veterinary ophthalmology now exist in some countries.[24][25]
Vitreo-retinal surgery, deals with surgical management of retinal and posterior segment diseases and disorders. Medical retina and vitreo-retinal surgery sometimes together called posterior segment subspecialisation.

Eye care professional
An eye care professional is an individual who provides a service related to the eyes or vision. It is a general term that can refer to any healthcare worker involved in eye care, from one with a small amount of post-secondary training to practitioners with a doctoral level of education.